Bovine : Applied clinical anatomy and embryology of female reproductive tract – Hereditary and congenital
anomalies of female reproductive tract –Puberty and sexual maturity and their endocrine control- Delayed
puberty- Its causes, clinical approach, treatment and prevention of delayed puberty- Applied reproductive
physiology and endocrinology of oestrous cycle- Oestrous cycle and factors affecting the length of the oestrous cycle-Aberrations of oestrus and their clinical management and problems in oestrus detection
and oestrus detection aids –Transportation and survivability of gametes in female reproductive tractFollicular Dynamics and its clinical impact on fertility improvement- ovulation and aberrations of
ovulation-Incidence causes, diagnosis treatment and prevention of ovulatory failures- Fertilization and
aberrations of fertilization- Fertilization failures – embryonic mortality-incidence, causes, diagnosis,
treatment and prevention – Pathological affections of ovary, uterine tubes, uterus, cervix , vagina and
external genitalia – Clinical management of specific and non-specific forms of infectious infertilityRole of nutrition, climate and stress on reproductive efficiency – Managemental causes of infertilityAnoestrus and repeat breeding syndrome – Diagnostic procedures in infertility investigation – Clinical
uses of hormones and drugs in the management of infertility- Surgical procedures for correction of
abnormalities of the female reproductive tract. Herd reproductive health management and fertility
parameters in individual animals and in herds. Assisted reproductive techniques: Synchronization of
estrus and ovulation and its principle. methodology and implications- Multiple ovulation and Embryo
transfer technology-In vitro fertilization. Equines: oestrous cycle- Seasonality- breeding managementAberrations of oestrous cycle and ovulations- Techniques of Pregnancy diagnosis- Clinical management
of specific and non-specific forms of infectious infertility- Diagnostic procedures in infertility
investigation Ovines and caprines: oestrous cycle- Seasonality- Control of oestrous cycle and infertility
Swines : oestrous cycle- breeding management- Techniques of Pregnancy diagnosis and infertility Canines
and Felines : oestrous cycle- breeding management- Phantom pregnancy- Medical termination of pregnancy
– Aberrations of oestrous cycle- Medical and surgical management of affections of ovary, uterine
tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina and external genitalia – Methods of Population control by medical and
surgical techniques. Comparative reproductive events in camel Principle, procedure and application of
ultrasonography in farm and pet animal reproduction
Farm and pet animals – Maternal recognition of pregnancy – Applied Endocrinology of pregnancy –
Pregnancy diagnosis- Duration of pregnancy -Factors affecting gestation length- Care and
management of pregnant animals- Implantation, Placentation- Classification, functions –Wandering of
ovum- Telegony- Superfetation and Superfecundation – Clinical management of specific and non specific
causes of abortion, extra uterine pregnancy, dropsy of fetal membranes and fetus, mummification,
maceration, cervicovaginal prolapse, uterine torsion and hysterocele. Parturition- Signs of approaching
parturition – Stages of parturition – Initiation and induction of parturition – lactational disorders –
Puerparium and factors affecting puerparium – Postpartum care of the dam and neonate in different species of
farm and pet animals – Dystocia – Classification – Clinical signs and diagnosis – Handling of
Fetal and maternal dystocia – Obstetrical interventions – Mutation – Forced extraction – Fetotomy –
Cesarean section in small and large animals – Maternal obstetrical paralysis – Retention of fetal membranes,
Total uterine prolapse and common metabolic diseases of puerperal period – Post partum hemorrhage –
Sub involution of placental sites – Injuries incidental to parturition – Post partum uterine infections –
Post partum resumption of ovarian activity . UNIT–3 (VETERINARY ANDROLOGY AND A.I.)
Farm and pet animals – Comparative clinical reproductive anatomy and endocrinology of the male
reproduction – Common congenital and genetic defects of the male reproductive tract – Puberty and
sexual maturity and factors affecting them – Sexual behaviour and libido – Sperm transport, erection
and ejaculation – Coital injuries and vices in male animals – Semen and ejaculate – Semen
collection techniques- Structure of Spermatozoa – Semen evaluation – Semen extenders, dilution,
preservation and post thaw evaluation – Artificial insemination techniques in farm and pet animals –
Forms of male infertility – Impotentia coeundi and impotentia generandi – Affections of the scrotum,
testis, accessory sex glands, penis and prepuce – Breeding soundness evaluation of bull – In vitro tests for
evaluation of male fertility – Medical and surgical techniques for population control of the male reproduction
– Surgical procedure on the male reproductive tract in farm and pet animals.

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