History and scope of Veterinary Medicine, concept of animal diseases. Concepts of diagnosis,
differential diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. General systemic states, hyperthermia, hypothermia, fever,
septicemia, toxemia, shock, allergy, anaphylaxis, oedema, coma, anaemia, common clinical poisonings and
dehydration. Estimates of diseases, patterns of disease, disease monitoring and surveillance, herd health and

Etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of
the following diseases of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, horse, pig, dog, cat and poultry: Diseases of
digestive, respiratory, cardiovascular, urinary, nervous, musculoskeletal, haemopoietic, and lymphatic
systems, skin, sense organs including affections of peritoneum, liver and pancreas. Emergency medicine and
critical care.

Diagnosis and management of diseases caused by deficiency of iron, copper, cobalt, zinc, manganese,
selenium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iodine, vitamin A, D, E, B complex, K and C. Diseases of
neonates, Alternative or integrated or ethno veterinary medicine in animal disease management.
Aetiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, treatment prevention and control of
metabolic or production and endocrine diseases of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, horse, pig, dog, cat and
poultry i.e. Milk fever, eclampsia, osteodystrophy fibrosa, lactation tetany, downer cow
syndrome, ketosis, fat cow syndrome, hypomagnesaemia, Nutritional haemoglobinuria, azoturia,
diabetes, hypothyroidism, Cushing syndrome, Addison’s disease and Gout.

Principles of zoo hygiene, public health problems arising from zoos. Prevention, control and treatment
of infectious, parasitic, nutritional and metabolic diseases in zoo and wild animals including exotic birds.
Acts and Rules related to Zoo and wild animals. National and international organizations and institutions
interlinked to wild and zoo animals – role and functioning.

Aetiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of
bacterial, fungal and rickettsial diseases of livestock: mastitis, hemorrhagic septicaemia, brucellosis,
tuberculosis, Johne’s disease, listeriosis, leptospirosis, campylobacteriosis, actinomycosis, ctinobacillosis,
bordetellosis, glanders, strangles, ulcerative lymphangitis, colibacillosis, fowl typhoid, pullorum disease,
fowl cholera, avian mycoplasmosis, spirochaetosis, salmonellosis, swine erysipelas, contagious caprine
pleuropneumonia, contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, anthrax, clostridial infections, ehrlichiosis,
chlamydosis, Q fever, anaplasmosis, dermatophilosis, aspergillosis, candidiasis, histoplasmosis, sporotrichosis, coccidiodomycosis, mycotoxicosis and rhinosporidiosis.

Aetiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of viral
and parasitic diseases of diseases of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, horse, pig, dog, cat and poultry: Foot and
mouth disease, rinderpest, bovine viral diarrhoea, malignant catarrhal fever, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis,
ephemeral fever, blue tongue, sheep pox, goat pox, PPR, classical swine fever, rabies, equine influenza,
equine infectious anemia, equine rhinopneumonitis,canine distemper, infectious canine hepatitis, canine
parvoviral disease, corona viral infection, adeno virus infection,feline rhinotracheitis, feline pan
leucopenia, feline infectious peritonitis, avian influenza, New Castle disease, Marek’s disease, avian
leucosis, infectious bronchitis, infectious laryngotracheitis, avian encaphalomyelitis, chicken reo virus,
fowl pox, infectious bursal disease, chicken infectious anemia, inclusion body hepatitishydropericardium syndrome, emerging and exotic viral diseases of global importance. Parasitic diseases:
Trematodes, cestodes, nematodes, protozoan infections and external parasites of clinical importance.

Legal duties of veterinarians, laws related to medicine, evidence, common offences against animals and laws
related to these offences. Examination of living and dead animals in criminal cases. Cruelty to animals and
bestiality. Legal aspects of: Examination of animals for soundness, examination of injuries and post-mortem
examination. Causes of sudden death in animals. Collection and despatch of materials for chemical
examination, detection of frauds-doping, alternation of description, bishoping etc. Cattle slaughter and
evidence procedure in courts. Provincial and Central Acts relating to animals. Glanders and Farcy Act
1899 (13 of 1899). Dourine Act 1910 (5 of 1910), Laws relating to offences affecting Public Health. Laws
relating to poisons and adulteration of drugs. Livestock importation act, liability and insurance. Code of
conduct and ethics for veterinarians – the regulations made under the Act. Animal welfare organizations and
its role in animal welfare, welfare assessment, behaviour and animal welfare, principles and
philosophy of animal welfare, animal welfare ethics, improving animal welfare through legislation and
incentives, assessment of physiological, behavioural, disease and production measures of animal
welfare, assessing welfare in practice, environment enrichment, euthanasia, welfare of animals used in
education and research and transportation, religion and animal welfare, human and animal welfare
conflict, veterinary disaster management, human−animal interactions, economics and animal welfare and
veterinarians as animal welfare educators

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